Nearly seven years after the start of the war in Syria, the humanitarian crisis is gaining momentum.
Air strikes are provoking an unprecedented spike in violence for several years, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
The last rebel stronghold at the gates of the capital Damascus, Eastern Ghouta is the daily target of air raids and bombing of the regime, which intensifies its strikes against the sector since last week.
Staffan de Mistura, a four-year UN envoy to Syria, called for a reduction of tensions in the Security Council: “the situation is more worrying and dangerous than ever”.
Civilians have been killed on a horrendous scale, with more than 1,000 deaths in the first week of February alone, and strikes on schools, hospitals and markets continue.
Staffan de Mistura
A convoy of nine trucks carrying food and medicine for 7,200 people arrived Wednesday in the besieged area, announced the United Nations and the Syrian Red Crescent.
This is the first time that humanitarian aid has arrived in the area encircled and bombed by loyalist forces since 28 November.
The UN is calling for a month-long humanitarian truce across Syria to help deliver aid and evacuate the wounded.
Nearly 400,000 civilians in eastern Ghouta have been under siege since 2013 by regime forces and suffer shortages of food and medicine, resulting in hundreds of cases of malnutrition, particularly among children.
More than 13 million people, nearly half of them children, need humanitarian assistance in Syria, according to the UN.